The duality of India : the difference in Northern and Southern Indian states

India is one of the most diverse countries in the world. It is the second-most populous country and the most populous democracy in the world. There's a lot of diversity and you can expect to see different cultures in the North, East, West, and South. 

There are many obvious differences between the Northern states and the Southern states in India. Starting with climate, South India is closer to the equator causing it to be warmer than North India. The North is surrounded by the Himalayas causing it to be cool and dry.

The languages spoken are quite distinct too. You will find people in the south speaking at least one of the four major Dravidian languages: Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, and Kannada. However, in the North, you will see people speaking Hindi, Urdu, or any other language. 

Food is one of the factors of differences between the North and south. Rice is one of the main ingredients for most of the dishes in the south. One will find Rice in the North as well but it is mostly the elite type like basmati. Seafood is quite popular in South India, meanwhile, wheat bread is more of a staple food in North India.

In the case of entertainment, Kathak is one of the popular traditional dances of the North, meanwhile, you will see Kathak, Bharatnatyam, etc in the south.

One can also see major differences in architecture, music, and culture between the North and South. Although there is duality in the country, it ensures diversity and unity.

Written by Shivani Mahapatra